SUPPRESSION OF HARMFUL EFFECT OF WATER DEFICIT STRESS ON Vicia faba L. AND SIMULTANEOUSLY MANAGEMENT OF SOME INSECT PESTS

Main Article Content

DINA. A. GHAZI
MARWA M. SHALABY
M. A. EL-SHERPINY

Abstract

In Egypt, the irrigation water deficit is one crops production troubles, and thereby saving irrigation water is the main target for our country. So, a field trial was executed aiming to assess the impact of irrigation water requirements such as 100, 80 and 60% of irrigation requirements (IR), compost as soil addition [with compost or without] and foliar application of pesticides [control (without), chemical pesticide and bio pesticide] on the performance of faba bean during two different stages. Through irrigation rates, may be controlled insects movement and their presence. However cannot prevent the insect from damaging the crops, in this experiment, reading the behavior of Insects was done then monitoring according to their behavior. The results indicated that faba bean plants irrigated with 60 % of IR had a low growth performance as well as yield traits compared to faba bean plants irrigated with 80% of IR , which came in the second-order, then the faba bean plants irrigated with 100% of IR which realized the highest growth performance as well as yield traits. Soil treated with compost caused improvement in the growth performance as well as yield traits compared to the corresponding soil without compost. The highest infestation was observed in 100% irrigated with 65.55 and 74.53 aphids/ ten leaves in the two seasons, respectively, however, the lowest aphid number was recorded in 80% irrigated with 33.87 and 30.28 aphids/ ten leaves in the two seasons, respectively, followed insignificantly by 60% irrigated in the second season. The foliar application with two pesticides (Chemical and Bio) reduced aphid infestation by about 50% and 30%, respectively, compared with control in both seasons. It is clear that the two pesticides did not differ significantly in both seasons and the control recorded 58.22 aphids/ ten leaves, respectively, in the first season, and 55.65 aphids/ ten leaves, respectively, in the second season.

Keywords:
Water deficit, compost, chemical pesticide, bio pesticide, faba bean plants

Article Details

How to Cite
GHAZI, D. A., SHALABY, M. M., & EL-SHERPINY, M. A. (2022). SUPPRESSION OF HARMFUL EFFECT OF WATER DEFICIT STRESS ON Vicia faba L. AND SIMULTANEOUSLY MANAGEMENT OF SOME INSECT PESTS. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences, 5(1), 37-49. Retrieved from https://ikppress.org/index.php/AJAAS/article/view/7836
Section
Original Research Article

References

Dos Santos JCC, Silva DMR, Amorim DJ, do Rosário Rosa V, Dos Santos ALF, Velini ED, de Almeida Silva M. Glyphosate hormesis attenuates water deficit stress in safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) by modulating physiological and biochemical mediators. Science of the Total Environment. 2022;810: 152204.‏

FAO. FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture (online); 2009.

Available:http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/countries_regions/egypt/index.stm

Viewed April 4, 2014.

El-Sherpiny MA, Baddour AG, El-Kafrawy MM. Effect of zeolite soil addition under different irrigation intervals on maize yield (Zea mays L.) and some soil properties. Journal of Soil Sciences and Agricultural Engineering. 2020;11(12):793-799.‏

Fouda K, Helaly D, El-Sherpiny MA. Role of melatonin foliar application in alleviating hazards of water deficit on red kidney bean plants grown under n fixation stimulants. Plant Cell Biotechnology and Molecular Biology. 2021a;67-83.‏

Ghazi DA, El-Sherpiny MA. Improving performance of maize plants grown under deficit water stress. Journal of Soil Sciences and Agricultural Engineering. 2021;12(11): 725-734.‏

Fouda K, El-Hadidi EM, Mohammed R, El-Sherpiny MA. Role of soil addition of zeolite and foliar application of anti-transpirants in suppression water deficit impeding maize performance. Plant Cell Biotechnology and Molecular Biology. 2021b;105-118.‏

El-Mantawy RF, Mokhtar NAY, EL-SHerpiny MA. Identifying tolerance of some wheat genotypes to water stress conditions. Journal of Global Agriculture and Ecology. 2022;13-24.‏

Elmahdy SM, EL-Sherpiny MA, Helmy AA. Suppression of irrigation water deficit stress affecting soybean production. Journal of Global Agriculture and Ecology. 2022;25- 37.‏

Besharati J, Shirmardi M, Meftahizadeh H, Ardakani MD, Ghorbanpour M. Changes in growth and quality performance of Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) in response to soil amendments with hydrogel and compost under drought stress. South African Journal of Botany. 2022;145:334-347.‏

Inglis GD, Goettel MS, Butt TM. For Managing Insect Pests. Fungi as biocontrol agents: Progress Problems and Potential. 2001;23.‏

Oerke EC. Crop losses to pests. The Journal of Agricultural Science. 2006;144(1):31-43.‏

Buckle AP, Smith RH. (Eds.). Rodent pests and their control. CABI; 2015.‏

Capinera J. Handbook of vegetable pests. Academic Press; 2020.‏

Liu J, Wang X. Tomato diseases and pests detection based on improved Yolo V3 convolutional neural network. Frontiers in Plant Science. 2020;11:898.‏

Lehmann P, Ammunét T, Barton M, Battisti A, Eigenbrode SD, Jepsen JU, Björkman C. Complex responses of global insect pests to climate warming. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 2020;18(3):141-150.

Khodeir AI, Khattab AM, Rakha MO, Sharabash SA, Ueno T, Mousa MK. Population densities of pest aphids and their associated natural enemies on faba bean in Kafr EL–Sheikh, Egypt; 2020.‏ ‏

Rubiales D, Khazaei H. Advances in disease and pest resistance in faba bean. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 2022;1-22.‏

Kamel H. The Effect of Planting dates and nitrogen fertilizer on Aphis craccivora (koch) infestation in faba bean (Vicia faba, L.) fields. Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences. A, Entomology. 2021;14(1):1-8.‏

Riggi LG, Raderschall CA, Lundin O. Insect pest damage increases faba bean (Vicia faba) yield components but only in the absence of insect pollination. Ecology and evolution. 2022;12(3):e8686.‏

Bachmann M, Kuhnitzsch C, Martens, SD, Steinhöfel O, Zeyner A. Control of bean seed beetle reproduction through cultivar selection and harvesting time. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 2020;300:107005.‏

Endshaw W, Hiruy B. The distribution, frequency of occurrence, and the status of stored faba bean insect pests in relation to food security in Farta District, North West Ethiopia. Cogent Food & Agriculture. 2020;6(1): 1832400.‏

El-Agrodi M, EL-Ghamry A, Abdo H. Interactive effect of zinc and phosphorus on feba bean growth. Journal of Soil Sciences and Agricultural Engineering. 2017;8(12):661-667.‏

El-Sonbaty AE, Abd Allah YAM. Improving the characteristics of saline clay soils and their effect on the productivity of faba bean. Journal of Soil Sciences and Agricultural Engineering. 2021;12(5):327-335.‏

Baddour AG, El-Sherpiny MA, Sakara HM. Effect of rhizobium inoculant, nitrogen starter and cobalt on stimulation of nodulation, n fixation and performance of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) grown under salinity stress. Journal of Soil Sciences and Agricultural Engineering. 2021;12(2):61-69.‏

Soliman MAE, El-Sherpiny MA. Possibility of using some beneficial elements stimulating non-biological n-fixation process as partial substitutes of mineral nitrogen under poor soils. Journal of Soil Sciences and Agricultural Engineering. 2021;12(10):679-683.‏

Dane JH, Topp CG. (Eds.) Methods of soil analysis, Part 4: Physical methods. John Wiley & Sons. 2020;20.

Sparks DL, Page AL, Helmke PA, Loeppert RH. (Eds.). Methods of Soil Analysis, part 3: Chemical methods. John Wiley & Sons.‏ 2020;14.

Watson DJ. The physiological basis of variation in yield. In Advances in agronomy . Academic Press.‏ 1952;4:101-145.

Hardy RW, Holsten RD, Jackson EK, Burns R. The acetylene-ethylene assay for N2 fixation: laboratory and field evaluation. Plant Physiology. 1968;43(8):1185-1207.‏

Walinga I, Van Der Lee JJ, Houba VJ, Van Vark W, Novozamsky I. Plant analysis manual. Springer Science & Business Media; 2013.

AOAC. Official Methods of Analysis ̏. 18th Ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Inc., Gaithersburg, MD, Method 04; 2000.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 1984;680.

CoStat version 6.303 copyright. CoHort Software 798 Lighthouse Ave. PMB 320, Monterey, CA, 93940, USA; 1998-2004.

Ghazi DA, El-Sherpiny MA, Elmahdy SM. Response of red cabbage plants grown on salt affected soil to different compost sources with foliar application of some antioxidants under soil addition of sulfur. Asian Journal of Plant and Soil Sciences. 2022;313-322.‏

Mcvean RI, Dixon AF. The effect of plant drought‐stress on populations of the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum. Ecological Entomology. 2001;26(4):440-443.‏

Inbar M, Doostdar H, Mayer RT. Suitability of stressed and vigorous plants to various insect herbivores. Oikos. 2001;94(2):228-235.‏