Original Research Article

Examining the Master Level Students’ Difficulties in Academic Writing in English

Lok Raj Sharma

Asian Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Studies, Volume 6, Issue 1, Page 1-16

Academic writing is an advanced formal composition written with a specific purpose. It is a structured writing retaining certain elements that frame it outstanding from other ordinary writings. The crucial objective of this article is to examine the difficulties encountered by the master level fourth semester students in academic writing in the Faculty of Management at Makawanpur Multiple Campus, Hetauda in the academic session 2021- 2022. A cross-sectional survey research design was executed to carry out the research study. The five point 35 Likert type questions were administered to assemble the primary data. A simple random sampling technique, lottery method, was used to form the sample size of 81 students from the population comprised of 102 students by maintaining the 95% confidence level and 5% margin of error. The study concluded that the first largest number of students had difficulties in starting the writing, contents in writing under the conclusion section, the general length of each section, giving examples in writings, conditional sentences, adverbs , adjectives and drawing recommendations;  the second largest number of the students had difficulties in choosing an appropriate academic topic, generating information, writing the introduction section, writing the body section, writing topic sentences, writing causes and their effects, using cohesive devices, in writing different sentences of comparisons and contrasts, using quotations, summarizing, paraphrasing, indirect form, using prepositions, tenses, conjunctions, feedback, polishing sentences, editing spellings, editing punctuations , and using appropriate words. The students were not sure about their difficulties in supporting the topic sentences by giving reasons and evidence, and use of passive voice. They did not have difficulties in citing and referencing the sources. This research article will be beneficial to teachers as it exposes them the particular problems that they will support their students in solving the problems through teaching.

Original Research Article

The Influence of Vipassana Meditation on Self-Esteem and Self-efficacy of Adults

Inchara Chamaiah Swamy, G. Venkatesh Kumar, M. C. Manjunatha

Asian Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Studies, Volume 6, Issue 1, Page 17-21

Vipassana is one of the most ancient techniques of mindful meditation found and practiced in India. History of Vipassana can be traced back to 2500 years ago, when Gautama Buddha rediscovered this ancient Indian practice. Buddha taught Vipassana as a universal remedy for all illness. Vipassana is self-transformation technique through self-observation that brings deep awareness about mind and body interconnection. The present study aimed to compare the level of self-esteem and self-efficacy of adults who practice Vipassana and also those who do not practice Vipassana. The research was conducted on 32 number of adults, among them, 16 adults practiced Vipassana and the rest 16 did not have the awareness of the practice. Questionnaire survey and interview method were utilized in the collection of data. Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) and Rosenberg self-esteem scale were used in the research. To analyse the data, Mean, SD and t-test were used. The current research study revealed that the adults who had practised Vipassana had above average level of Self-Esteem whereas the adults who had not practised Vipassana had average level of Self-Esteem. The study also indicated that there was a highly significant positive moderate correlation between Self-Efficacy and Self-Esteem which suggests that an increase in the level of Self-Efficacy increases the level of Self-Esteem. Henceforth the research emphasized the relevance of vipassana in today's modern world for better mental health.

Original Research Article

Exploration of Emotional Factors in Influencing Consumer’s Purchasing Decision

James Cho, Ho Thi Ngoc Duyen, Duy Binh Luong, Thi Huong Giang Vo

Asian Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Studies, Volume 6, Issue 1, Page 22-38

Along with the development of a competitive global economy, businesses and marketers are facing with challenge how to understand and satisfy their consumers, built up and maintain the long-term relationship with consumers. The aim of this research figures out the influence of emotional factors on the consumer’s purchasing decision that can support marketers’ approach and keep relationship with their consumers, and it is premise for building the long-term consumer’s loyalty. This paper explores the influence of emotional factors in consumer’s purchasing decision through a survey on the target people group in Vietnam. The result of research shows the relationship between emotional factors and consumer’s purchasing decision. Additionally, the findings of research also provide groundwork and benefit for businesses or marketers building the marketing strategy that targets on the Vietnamese people.

Original Research Article

Assessment of Mathematics Teachers’ Computer Literacy Level in Oyo State, Nigeria

Olubunmi Kayode Ayanwoye

Asian Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Studies, Volume 6, Issue 1, Page 39-50

Mathematical knowledge has been considered as the backbone of every knowledge and the pivot of all civilizations and technological development. This has made the alarming rate of students’ poor performance in the subject worrisome to the stakeholders in the teaching industry. However, the emergence of computer aided instructions has transformed teaching and learning to a more viable and effective strategy which has called for a paradigm shift from the old strategies for an improved students’ achievement. This study therefore assessed Mathematics teachers’ computer literacy level in Oyo state, Nigeria.

Survey design was employed to answer the research question and test five hypotheses using total inclusive convenient sampling technique to select all the 1324 Mathematics teachers that attended the workshop organized by the Mathematics Association of Nigeria, Oyo State branch. Teacher's Computer Literacy Questionnaire (r=0.96) was conducted on the teachers. Data were analysed using mean, standard deviation, t-test and ANOVA to answer the research question and test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance.

The study revealed that Mathematics teachers in Oyo state have very low extent (mean=1.44) literacy level in handling computer aided instructional strategies, Besides, the study reported no age (F(2,1323)=0.06; P=0.51), gender (t(1,1322)=-0.27; P=0.94), school location (t(1,1322)=-0.04; P=0.77), status (F(2,1323)=0.09; P=0.91) and qualification (F(3,1323)=0.13; P=0.94) differences in Mathematics teachers’ computer literacy level.

Implications to Mathematics teaching and learning to improve Students' mathematical achievement were discussed. It was recommended among others that Mathematics teachers should be provided with periodic in-service trainings in the areas of computer aided instructions.

Original Research Article

Mapping the Paradigm of Disabilities in Afghanistan from the Lens of Law and Policy

Sayed Qudrat Hashimy

Asian Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Studies, Volume 6, Issue 1, Page 51-67

Disability is a cross-cutting issue in Afghanistan. After four decades of armed conflict, it is unknown how many Afghans are disabled, and accurate data are scarce. Afghanistan has over a million people with disabilities, and their situation is generally poor. While war and landmines rendered hundreds of thousands of Afghans crippled, many more suffered birth defects, accidents, hunger, and diseases that could have been avoided but the inner lives of those with impairments do not concern most the others in an armed conflict state. The interactions with people who have disabilities have been a brief “Salam Alaikum” (Hello) and a respectful “Tashakor” or “Manana” (Thank you). However, many people with disabilities experience stigma, prejudice, and exclusion from society. Still, neither the government nor the international non-governmental organisation has disclosed the statistical information and challenges that differently-abled persons face in Afghanistan it could be male or female. This article looks closely at the legal system in Afghanistan that protects the people with disabilities that they need to engage in public life on an equal footing with other people. The current study uses a doctrinal approach with an emancipatory perspective on impairments to suggest possible solutions to alleviate and improve their situations. The study is limited to drawing the attention of NGOs and policymakers to mid the condition of people with disability from the breath and the length of Afghanistan. In this article, the study has focused mainly on the legislative framework and the issues that smoke screens the overreach of the law for the protection of disabilities and prohibit discrimination in public life, also exposing obstacles that impediment people who are physically or mentally challenged.