ASSESSING THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT PULSE CROPS UNDER MANGO ORCHARD IN THE SOUTHERN REGION OF BANGLADESH

Main Article Content

MD. MAHBUBUR RAHMAN
MD. RASHEDUL ISLAM
MD. RASHIDUL ALAM
RAZI UDDIN
MD. OMAR FARUQ

Abstract

The field experiment was conducted at Regional Agricultural Research Station, BARI, Rahmatpur, Barishal during the Rabi and Late Rabi season of 2020-21 to select the most appropriate pulse crop(s) for growing under mango orchard, to increase the cropping intensity to maximize the productivity as well as farmers income of southern region of Bangladesh. The treatments of the experiment consists of T1= Mango + Grasspea (Var. BARI Kheshari-3), T2= Mango + Blackgram (Var. BARI Mash-3), T3= Mango + Mung bean (Var. BARI Mung-6), T4= Mango + Cowpea (Var. BARI Felon-1), T5= Mango + Field pea (Var. BARI Motor-3). On November 26, 2021, all pulses except mung bean seeds were sowed using the line sowing method in a mango grove. On January 28, 2021, mung bean seeds were planted. Mung bean seeds were sown on 28 January, 2021. Experimental results revealed that different pulse crops had significant effect on growing under mango orchard. The highest yield of BARI Motor-3 was obtained in T5 treatment (1843.7 kg/ha). The lowest yield of BARI Mash-3 was obtained from T2 (360.1 kg/ha). The economic analysis results showed that the highest (Tk. 73748/ha) in treatment T5 (BARI Motor-3). The lowest gross return (Tk. 14404/ha) was found in treatment T2 (BARI Mash-3). Similarly, the gross margin was found to be the highest (Tk. 43848/ha) treatment T5 (BARI Motor-3). Treatment T2 (BARI Mash-3) produced negative gross margin (Tk. -5596/ha). The value of benefit cost ratio (BCR) revealed that the highest (2.46) in treatment T5 (BARI Motor-3). The BCR value in treatment T2 (BARI Mash-3) had the lowest (0.72). Treatment T5, also known as BARI Motor-3 could be cultivated as most appropriate component crops under mango orchard in southern region of Bangladesh.

Keywords:
Mango orchard, pulses, southern region, BCR, yield

Article Details

How to Cite
RAHMAN, M. M., ISLAM, M. R., ALAM, M. R., UDDIN, R., & FARUQ, M. O. (2022). ASSESSING THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT PULSE CROPS UNDER MANGO ORCHARD IN THE SOUTHERN REGION OF BANGLADESH. Asian Journal of Plant and Soil Sciences, 7(1), 102-107. Retrieved from https://ikppress.org/index.php/AJOPSS/article/view/7436
Section
Original Research Article

References

NHB. Indian Horticulture Database 2012. National Horticulture Board, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India; 2012.

BBS. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh; 2016.

Singh SR, Banik BC, Yumnam SS. Effect of different intercrops on yield and quality of mango production in new alluvial zone of West Bengal. The Asian Journal of Horticulture. 2012;7(2):582-585.

Swain SC. Performance and profitability study of different mango-based intercropping systems in Eastern ghat high land zone. Journal of Crop and Weed. 2014;10(2):170-178.

Sarkar SK, Gautam B, Seethambram Y, Vijaya N. Effect of intercropping sequence with vegetables in young mango orchard under Decan plateau. Indian Journal of Horticulture. 2004;61:125-127.

Ratha S, Swain SC. Performance of intercrops in a mango orchard in Eastern Ghat High Land Zone of Orissa. Indian Journal of Dryland Agricultural Research & Development. 2006;21 (1):12-15.

Raut RL. Performance of various intercrops in relation to the land equivalent ratio (LER) and their influence on yield attributes and yield of mango (Mangifera indica L.). Journal of Soil & Crops. 2006;16 (2):295-299.

Jain PK, Raut RL, Rajwade VB. Mango-based intercropping under the watershed of Kymore plateau of Madhya Pradesh. Indian Journal of Horticulture. 2006;65 (4):486-487.

Tiwari R, Baghel BS. Effect of inter-cropping on plant and soil of Dashehari mango orchard under low productive environments. The Asian Journal of Horticulture. 2014;9(2):439-442.

Bhatnagar P, Kaul MK, Singh J. Effect of intercropping in Kinnow based production system. Indian Journal of Arid Horticulture. 2007;2:15-17.

Bose TK, Mitra SK, Farooki AA, Sadhu MK. Tropical horticulture, Vol-1, Naya Prokash, Kolkata;1999.

Latitude. Retrieved September 30, from Latitude.to, maps, geolocated articles, latitude longitude coordinate conversion.:https://latitude.to/articles-by-country/np/bd/Barishal-district;2020.

FRG. Fertilizer Recommendation Guide, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Farmgate, Dhaka;2018.

De, M. Una herramienta de analisis estadistico para la investigacion agricola. Tesis. Universidad Nacional de Ingenieria (UNIPERU). Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Lima-PERU. Facultad de Economia y Planificacion Departamento Academico de Estadistica e Informatica;2009.

Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dickey DA. Principles and Procedures of Statistic a Biometrical Approach. Third Edition. The Mc Graw Hill Company, New York;1997.

Swain SC, Dora DK, Sahoo SC, Padhi SK, Sanyal D. Influence of Mango-Based Intercropping Systems on Improvement of Soil Health under Rainfed Situation, Common. Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 2012;43(15):2018–2026.

Srivastava AK, Singh S. Citrus nutrition research in India:Current status and future strategies. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science. 2007;78(1):3-16.

Faruq MO, Khan MSH, Uddin MR, Alam MR, Hassan ME. Effect of different weed Management Practices on yield of potato in Chattogram hill districts of Bangladesh. Asian Journal of Plant and Soil Sciences. 2021;6(1):239-244.

Uddin MR, Faruq MO, Azam MG. Assessing the Effect of Weed Management Practices on Yield of Maize in Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh. Journal of Agricultural Science & Engineering Innovation (JASEI). 2020;1(1):32-37.

Swain SC. Influence of intercropping systems on soil health, productivity, and quality of guava (Psidium guajava L.) in Eastern India. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 2016;39(14):2037-2046.

Ghosh S, Sarkar S, Sau S, Karmakar, Brahmachari K. Influence of Guava (Psidium guajava L.) based Intercropping Systems on Soil Health and Productivity in Alluvial Soil of West Bengal, India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 2017;6(11):241-251.

Singh SK, Raghuvanshi M, Singh PK, Prasad J. Performance of vegetable crops as intercrops with guava plantation. Research and Environmental Life Science. 2014;7(4):259- 262.

Lawal JO, Oduwole OO, Shittu TR, Muyiwa AA. Profitability of value addition to cashew farming households in Nigeria. African Crop Science Journal. 2011;19(1):49-54.

Thankamani CK, Kandiannan K, Madan MS, Hamza S, Krishnamurthy KS. Intercropping of tuber and fodder crops in juvenile black pepper garden. In:Proceedings of National Seminar on Soil, Water and Crop Management for Higher Productivity of Spices. 11-12 Feb. 2010, Centre for Water Resources Development and Management, Calicut, India. 2010; 186–190.

Alam MR, Faruq MO, Uddin MR, Zonayet M, Syfullah K. Intercropping of Winter Vegetables with Banana in Khagrachari hill district of Bangladesh. Journal of Global Agriculture and Ecology. 2021;11(3):34-41.