GC-MS ANALYSIS AND NUTRACEUTICAL POTENTIALS OF THE BIOACTIVE COMPONENTS OF THREE EDIBLE COCOYAMS (XANTHOSOMA SAGITTIFOLIUM, XANTHOSOMA VIOLACEUM AND COLOCASIA ESCULENTA)

Main Article Content

SAMUEL C. ONUOHA
REGINALD C. OHIRI
ERESIYA A. DIRI

Abstract

The productivity and growth of most developing economies of the tropics are severely threatened by malnutrition, due to their over dependency on carbohydrate-rich staples of high deficient micronutrients. Amongst the major roots and tubers, Cocoyams have better nutritional values because of their mineral compositions and protein digestibility. Mature tubers of three species of edible Cocoyams (Colocasia esculenta, Xanthosoma sagittifolium and Xanthosoma violaceum) harvested within the premises of  University of Port Harcourt in Rivers State, Nigeria were peeled, washed, sliced, dried, ground and extracted using in dichloromethane. The pure and concentrated extracts were analyzed. GC-MS result of the bioactive components showed the methyl esters of Hexadecanoic acid and 9,12-Octadecadienoic acid as the highest components with percentage concentrations of 28.727 and 19.656, while Methyltetradecanoate and the (Z)-methyl ester of 9-Octadecanoic acid were the least components with values of 0.276 and 0.446. n- Hexadecanoic acid and 3-Hexadecyne were the highest components in X. sagittifolium with percentage concentrations of 34.783 and 33.504, while 1-Propanol, 2-methyl- and 1-Heptanol-6- methyl had the lowest percentage concentration with values of 1.219 and 1.187. The highest bioactive components observed in X. violaceum were n-Hexadecanoic acid and 1,3-Butadiene with percentage concentrations 37.613 and 16.510, while 1-Propanol-2-methyl and 1-Azabicyclo[2,2,2]octan-3- one had the least values with percentage concentrations 2.110 and 1.842. The diversity and variation in concentration of the bioactive components of these Cocoyams not only indicate varied specie-dependent potentials but also reveals the individual metabolic variations and nutraceutical potentials which can be of immersed importance to both pharmaceutical and food industries.

Keywords:
GC-MS analysis, nutraceutical, bioactive components, medicinal potentials, species-dependent

Article Details

How to Cite
ONUOHA, S. C., OHIRI, R. C., & DIRI, E. A. (2022). GC-MS ANALYSIS AND NUTRACEUTICAL POTENTIALS OF THE BIOACTIVE COMPONENTS OF THREE EDIBLE COCOYAMS (XANTHOSOMA SAGITTIFOLIUM, XANTHOSOMA VIOLACEUM AND COLOCASIA ESCULENTA). Asian Journal of Plant and Soil Sciences, 7(1), 150-157. Retrieved from https://ikppress.org/index.php/AJOPSS/article/view/7519
Section
Original Research Article

References

Onyeka J. Status of Cocoyam (Colocasia esculenta and Xanthosoma spp.) in West and Central Africa : Production, Household Importance and the Threat from Leaf Blight. 2014: 1-10.

Ramanatha RV, Matthews PJ, Eyzaguirre PB, Hunter D. The global diversity of taro: Ethnobotany and conservation, Biodiversity International, Rome. 2010: 6 – 30.

Vaneker K, Slaats E. Mapping edible aroids. Iridescent Icograda. 2013; 3:34 – 45.

Falade KO, Okafor CA. Physicochemical properties of five cocoyam (Colocasia esculenta and Xanthosoma sagittifolium) starches. Food Hydrocolloids. 2013; 30: 173 – 181.

Ohiri RC, Bassey EE. Evaluation and characterization of nutritive properties of Jelly Ear Culinary-Medcinal Mushroom Auricularia auricula-judae (Agaricomycetes) from Nigeria . Inter. Jour. Med. Mushrooms; 2017; 19 (2): 173 -177.

Falade KO, Okafor CA. Physical, functional, and pasting properties of flours from corms of two Cocoyam (Colocasia esculenta and Xanthosoma sagittifolium) cultivars. Jour. Food Sci. and Technol. 2014; 52: 3440 – 3448.

Agoramoorthy, M., Chandrasekaran, V. and Venkatesalu, M. J. H. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of fatty acid methyl esters of the blind‐your‐eye mangrove from India. Braz. Jour. Microbiol. 2007;38: 739 – 742.

Lawrence JL, Eric GB, Robert BZ. Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with gamma linolenic acid,” Ann. Intern. Med. 1993; 119: 129.

Yu Y, Correll PH, Vanden-Heuvel JP. Conjugated linoleic acid decreases production of pro‐inflammatory products in macrophages: evidence for a PPAR gamma dependent mechanism,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 2002; 1581: 89 – 99.

Guixiang Z, Terry DE, Keith RM, John PVH, Peter JG, Sheila GW, Penny MKE. Anti‐inflammatory effects of polyunsaturated fatty acids in THP‐1 cells. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2005;336:909 – 917.

Krishnamoorthy K, Subramaniam P. Phytochemical profiling of leaf, stem, and tuber parts of Solena amplexicaulis (Lam.) Gandhi Using GC-MS. Int. Sch. Res. Notices. 2014:567409.

Smolinske SC. Handbook of Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Excipients. CRC Press. 1992:75 –76.

Golemanov K. Tcholakova, S. Denkov, N. D. and Gurkov, T. Selection of surfactants for stable paraffin-in-water dispersions, undergoing solid−liquid transition of the dispersed particles. Langmuir. 2006;22(8): 3560 – 3569.