Main Article Content



The experiment was conducted in the Horticultural Farm of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. The experiment consisted of two factors. Factor A: Branch pruning and old leaf removal as P0= Control, P1= Old leaf removal, P2= Lateral branch pruning, P3= Old leaf removal and lateral branch pruning and Factor B: 3 varieties of brinjal as V1= BARI Begun-4, V2= BARI Begun-7, V3= BARI Begun-10. The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. For pruning, the highest number of flower (38.87), the maximum number of fruit per plant (27.83) and the highest yield (49.73 t/ha) were recorded from P3 treatment, while the minimum were from P0 treatment. In case of variety, the maximum number of flower (41.23), the highest number of fruit harvested per plant (29.23) and the highest yield (52.83 t/ha) were found from V1 treatment, whereas the lowest from V2 treatment. Due to combined effect, the maximum number of flower (49.20), the maximum number of fruit harvested per plant (33.64), the highest yield (55.70 t/ha) were recorded from P3V1. So, it can be concluded that ‘BARI Begun-4’ with lateral branch pruning and old leaf removal gave the maximum yield. The highest gross return (1002600), highest net return (679649) and highest benefit cost ratio (3.1) were obtained from P3V1 (Old leaf removal and lateral branch pruning) treatment combination. So, the economic analysis revealed that the P3V1 treatment combination appeared to be the best for achieving  the higher growth, yield and economic benefit of brinjal.

Solanum melongena L, brinjal cultivation, branch pruning, old leaf removal management

Article Details

How to Cite
KHANOM, A., MOSTARIN, T., KHATUN, K., AHMED, M. R., AKTER, S., SUMI, M. A., TOUHIDUJJAMAN, M., & KHAN, M. R. (2022). EFFECT OF BRANCH PRUNING WITH REMOVAL OF OLD LEAF ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF BRINJAL UNDER THREE WINTER VARIETIES. Asian Journal of Plant and Soil Sciences, 7(1), 208-218. Retrieved from https://ikppress.org/index.php/AJOPSS/article/view/7583
Original Research Article


Lester RN, Hasan SMZ. Origin and domestication of the eggplant, Solanum melongena from Solanum incanum, in Africa and Asia. In Hawkes, J.G., Lester, R.N., Nee, M & Estrada.(ed.) Solanum III: Taxonomy, Cbemistry, Evolution 369-387. The Linnean Society of London, London, UK; 1991.

BBS. Year Book of Agricultural Statistics of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Planning Division, Ministry of Planning, Govt. of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka. 2017;191.

Rashid M. Sabjee bagan, Bangla Academy, Dhaka. 1993;137-144.

Malik NM. A text book of Horticulture. Islamabad. National Book Foundation. 1994; 510.

Zenia M, Halina B. Content of macroelements in Eggplant fruits depending on Nitrogen fertilization and plant training method. Journal of Element. 2008;13(2):269-275.

Shukla V, Naik LB. Agro-techniques of solanaceous vegetables, in “Advances in Horticulture”, Vol. 5, Vegetable Crops, Part 1 (K. L. Chadha and G. Kalloo, eds.), Malhotra Pub. House, New Delhi. 1993;365.

Khan R. Solanum melongena and its ancestral forms. In: The Biology and Taxonomy of the Solanaceae, Hawkes J, Lester R and Skelding A (Eds). Academic Press, London. 1979;629-636.

Choudhury B. In evolution of crop plants. (Ed.) N.W. Simmonds. Longman Inc. London and New York. 1976;278-279.

Singh L, Godara NR. Effect of planting distance and severity of pruning on vegetative growth of citrus tree, c.v. lemon. Prog. Hort. 1719;85 (1):21-24.

Rajewar SR, Patil VK. Flowering and fruiting of some important varieties of tomato as affected by spacing, staking and pruning. Ind. J. Agric. Sci. 1979;49(5):358-360.

Ambroszczyk AM, Cebula S, Sekara A. The effect of plant pruning on the light conditions and vegetative development of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) in greenhouse cultivation. Vege Crops Res Bull. 2008;68:57-70.

Arzani K, Bahadori F, Piri S. Paclobutrazol reduces vegetative growth and enhances flowering and fruiting of mature ‘J.H. Hale’ and ‘Red Skin’ peach trees. Hort, Environ Biotech. 2009;50(2):84- 93.

Patil VK, Gupta PK, Tombre PG. Influence of pruning, mulching and nitrogenous fertilizer on the growth, yield and quality of staked plants of sioun variety of tomato. Punjab Vegetable Grower. 1973;8:49.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Statistical procedure for agricultural research (2nd edn.). Intl. Rice Res. Inst., A Willey Int. Sci. 1984;28-192.

Maboko MM, Du Plooy CP, Chiloane S. Effect of plant population, stem and flower pruning on hydroponically grown sweet pepper in a shadenet structure. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 2011;7(11):1742-1748.

Srinivasan K, Veeraathatham D, Kanthaswamy V, Thiruvudainambi S. Effect of spacing, training and pruning in hybrid tomato. South Indian Hort. 1999;47(1-6):49-53.

Decoteau DR. Tomato leaf development and distribution as influenced by leaf removal and decapitation Hort. Sci. 1990;25:681- 684.

Preece JE, Read PE. The biology of horticulture. 2nd Ed. Copyright by John Wiley and Sons. New York, United States. 2005;528.

Ara N, Bashar MK, Begum S, Kakon SS. Effect of spacing and stem pruning on the growth and yield of tomato. Int. J. Sustain. Crop Prod. 2007;2(3):35-39.

Nganga KS. Some physiological and cultural investigations with fresh market tomatoes in Kenya. Thesis for award of Ph.D. Degree at Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda. 1981; 226.

Resh HM. Hydroponic tomatoes for the home gardener. Published by Woodbridge Press Publishing Company. Calofornia; 1997.

Available:www.goodreads.com/169768.Howard_M_Resh site visited on 17/05/2010.

Wurster RT, Nganga S. The effect of staking and pruning on the yield and quality of fresh market tomatoes in East Africa. Acta Hort. 1971;21:110-115.

Muhammad A, Singh A. Intra-row spacing and pruning effects on fresh tomato yield in Sudan Savanna of Nigeria. Journal of Plant Sci. 2007;2:153-161.