EMPLOYMENT OF METAL GRAPHITE ELECTRODES AS A HIGH VOLTAGE FOR BIODIESEL PRODUCTION
Asian Journal of Plant and Soil Sciences,
The electrolysis cell involved dual metal graphite electrodes were tested in the process of separating glycerol from biodiesel. The electrodes parameters were identified as 8 X150 mm in diameter and length with different spans of 25, 50, and 75mm. A fly-back transformer is used with CRT televisions and computer monitors to produce high voltage. The electrodes are placed in the middle of the vessel height unit with voltage and current intensities of 5.0 kV-21.5mA or 10 kV-12.5mA. The variables under this study were three different high voltages (5.0; 10; 20; 30 kV) and three spans between the graphite electrodes (25; 50; 75 mm) under the constant recommended temperature of 600C. The observed results from the study were a glycerol deposition rate of 2.95 mL per second (220 seconds) when using a distance of 25 mm and a high voltage of 30 kV. Also, by increasing the distance, the effectiveness of the voltage decreased. The glycerol deposition rate decreased by 1.54 mL per second (420 s) and 1.05 mL per second (620 s) at a distance of 50mm and 75 mm, respectively, under a high voltage of 30 kV. Therefore, the best treatment is to use metallic graphite electrodes with a distance between the electrodes of 25 mm and a high voltage of 30 kV.
- Electrolysis cell
- biodiesel and voltages
How to Cite
Kochaphum C. Gheewala SH, Vinitnantharat S. Energy Sustain. Dev. 2013;17:658-670.
Bhatia SK, Ranjit Gurav, Tae-Rim Choi, Hyun Joong Kim, Soo-Yeon Yang, Hun-Suk Song, Jun Young Park, Ye-Lim Park, Yeong-Hoon Han, Yong-Keun Choi, SangHyoun Kim, Jeong-Jun Yoon, Yung-Hun Yang. Conversion of waste cooking oil into biodiesel using heterogenous catalyst derived from cork biochar. Bioresour. Technol. 2020;302:Article 122872.
Patchimpet L, Jaran Patchimpet, Benjamin K. Simpson, Kanokphorn Sangkharak, Sappasith Klomklao. Optimization of process variables for the production of biodiesel by transesterification of used cooking oil using lipase from Nile tilapia viscera Renew. Energy. 2020;153:861-869.
Energy Information Administration, International Energy Outlook 2019 Reference case.
Rungthip C, Chakrit T, Kulchanat P. Biodiesel production from used frying oil using sodium methoxide as catalyst in continuous process. The 3rd International Thai Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry Conference. KhonKaen, Thailand. 2013;17-18.
Pedro F. Production of biodiesel from waste frying oils. Waste Management. 2006;26:487-494.
Thangaraj B, Solomon PR. Biodiesel production by the electrocatalytic process: a review. Clean Energy. 2021;5(1):19-31.
Asl MA, Tahvildari K, Bigdeli T. Eco-friendly synthesis of biodiesel from WCO by using electrolysis technique with graphite electrodes. Fuel. 2020;270:1–11.
Putra RS, Liyanita A, Arifah N. Enhanced electro-catalytic process on the synthesis of FAME using CaO from eggshell. Energy Proced (ICAE2016). 2017;105:289–296.
Linfeng C, Guamin X. Trans esterification of cotton seed oil to biodiesel by using heterogeneous solid basic catalyst. Energy and Fuel. 2007;21:3740-3743.
Ratanabuntha T, Tonmitr K, Suksri A. Acceleration in biodiesel production from palm oil process by high voltage electric field. Int. J. Smart Grid Clean Engergy. 2018;7(3):225- 230.
Ismail Z, Moussa A, Deef M. Utilization of High Voltage to Separate Glycerol during Producing Biodiesel. Journal of Soil Sciences and Agricultural Engineering. 2018; 9(8):329-332
Aboumosalam M, Gad A, Barakat Y, Ismail H. Accelerating the separation of emulsified oil products using high electrostatic fields. Egyptian Journal of Petroleum. 2020; 29(3):219-225.
Abstract View: 178 times
PDF Download: 2 times