Response of Potato Plant Grown on Sandy Soil to Banana Residues and Rice Straw Composts with External Application of Boron and Molybdenum
Asian Journal of Plant and Soil Sciences,
Reclamation of poor sandy soils is within the Egyptian state's plan for horizontal expansion to achieve food security to counter population increase during the coming decades. So, a field trial was performed aiming to evaluate two types of compost i.e., banana compost and rice straw compost at a rate of 10.0 ton fed-1 for all of them as the main factor on the growth performance, quantitative and qualitative yield of the potatoes plant. While the exogenous application of some beneficial elements i.e., control (without foliar application), boron element (60.0 mg L-1) alone, molybdenum element (60.0 mg L-1) alone and combined addition of both (B + Mo at a rate of 30.0 mg L-1 for both) represented the subplots. The obtained findings show that the maximum values of growth criteria such as plant height, fresh and dry weights, chlorophyll content and leaves chemical composition (N, P, K and B) a period of 80 days from planting as well as the highest values of the quantitative and qualitative yield of the potato plant e.g., the average weight of one tuber, No. of tuber plant-1, yield, total carbohydrates, total sugars, dry matter and vitamin C were realized with the banana compost treatment, while the lowest ones were realized with the plants treated with rice straw compost. Also, the highest values of all aforementioned traits were recorded with the combined treatment of B + Mo followed by treatment of B alone and then treatment of Mo alone, while the control treatment (without foliar application) came in the last order. Noting that the accumulation of nitrate was reduced due to Mo element. Thus, the best growth performance, quantitative and qualitative yield of the potato plant was recorded under the combined treatment of banana compost x B element (30.0 mg L-1) x Mo element (30.0 mg L-1). Generally, it can be concluded that the banana compost and rice straw compost besides foliar application of B and Mo will lead to the achievement of sustainability in the newly reclaimed soils of Egypt.
- compost and potato plants
How to Cite
Abo El-Ezz SF, El-Hadidi EM, El-Sherpiny MA, Mahmoud SE. Land reclamation using compost, agricultural gypsum and sugar beet mud. J Soil Sci Agric Eng. 2020; 11(9):503-11. DOI: 10.21608/jssae.2020.118356
El-Hadidi EM, El-Sherpiny MA, Ezzat S, Abo El-Ezz SF. Response of barley grown on different soils to soil amendments. Response of growing barley in different soils to some soil conditioners. J Soil Sci Agric Eng. 2020;11(8):347-53. DOI: 10.21608/jssae.2020.114847
Seadh S, Abdel-Moneam MA, Sarhan HM, El-Sherpiny MA, El-Agamy HE. Possibility of using compost as a partial substitute for mineral nitrogen fertilizer and evaluating this on performance of sugar beet plants sprayed with boron from different sources. The possibility of using Makmoura fertilizer as a partial replacement for mineral nitrogen fertilizer and evaluating this on the performance of sugar beet plants sprayed with different boron sources. J Plant Prod. 2021;12(10):1111-7. DOI: 10.21608/JPP.2021.205717
El-Shamy MA, EL-Naqma KA, El-Sherpiny MA. Possibility of using clover residues, green manures as a partial substitute of mineral nitrogen fertilizer to wheat plants grown on normal and saline soils. J Glob Agric Ecol. 2022;14(4):51-63. DOI: 10.56557/jogae/2022/v14i47828
El-Agrodi M, EL-Shebiny G, Mosa A, El-sherpiny M. Maize tolerance to different levels of boron and salinity in irrigation water. Journal of Soil Sciences and Agricultural Engineering. 2016;7(1):35-44. DOI: 10.21608/JSSAE.2016.39308
El-Sherpiny MA, Kany MA, Ibrahim NR. Improvement of performance and yield quality of potato plant via foliar application of different boron rates and different potassium sources. Asian J Plant Soil Sci. 2022;7(1):294-304.
Kaiser BN, Gridley KL, Ngaire Brady J, Phillips T, Tyerman SD. The role of molybdenum in agricultural plant production. Ann Bot. 2005;96(5):745-54. DOI: 10.1093/aob/mci226, PMID 16033776
Kovács B, Puskás-Preszner A, Huzsvai L, Lévai L, Bódi É. Effect of molybdenum treatment on molybdenum concentration and nitrate reduction in maize seedlings. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2015;96:38-44. DOI: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2015.07.013, PMID 26226599.
Mendel RR, Kruse T. Cell biology of molybdenum in plants and humans. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2012;1823(9):1568-79. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2012.02.007, PMID 22370186.
Soliman MA, EL-Sherpiny MA, Khadra AB. Improvement of performance and productivity of potato plants via addition of different organic manures and inorganic potassium sources. Asian J Plant Soil Sci. 2022;7(1):331-41.
Dane JH, Topp CG, editors. Methods of soil analysis, Part 4. Physical methods. John Wiley & Sons; 2020;20.
Sparks DL, Page AL, Helmke PA, Loeppert RH. (Eds.). “Methods of soil analysis”, part 3: Chemical methods. John Wiley & Sons. 2020;14.
El-Hammady AM, Abo-Hadid AF, Selim SM, El-Kassas HI, Negm R. Production of compost from rice straw using different accelerating amendments. J Environ Sci. 2003;6(3):112-6.
Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Statistical procedures for agricultural research. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1984;680.
Castelli F, Contillo R, Miceli F. Non-destructive determination of leaf chlorophyll content in four crop species. J Agron Crop Sci. 1996;177(4):275-83. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-037X.1996.tb00246.x
Walinga I, Van Der Lee JJ, Houba VJ, Van Vark W, Novozamsky I. Plant analysis manual. Springer Science & Business Media; 2013.
AOAC. “Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 17th ed. Of A.O.A.C. international published by A.O.A.C. international, Maryland, U.S.A. 2000;1250.
Lowe RH, Hamilton JL. Rapid method for determination of nitrate in plant and soil extracts. J Agric Food Chem. 1967; 15(2):359-61. DOI: 10.1021/jf60150a002
Ghazi DA, El-Sherpiny MA, Elmahdy SM. Effect of soil amendments and foliar application of potassium silicate on wheat plants grown under sodicity conditions. J Soil Sci Agric Eng. 2021;12(6):409-16. DOI: 10.21608/JSSAE.2021.177775
El Nour ME, Elfadil AG, Manal FA, Saeed BA. Effects of banana compost on growth, development and productivity of sorghum bicolor cultivar (Tabat). Adv Biol. 2015; 8(2). DOI: 10.24297/jab.v8i2.3816
Abstract View: 79 times
PDF Download: 4 times