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This review attempts to discuss data related to the work of kinds of literature on various nanomaterials such as ferrites, oxides, and chromates of transition metals which lead to gain prominent attention in the field of thermal decomposition of solid propellant oxidizer mainly ammonium perchlorate (AP). The effect of catalysts like metal oxides, inorganic and organic compounds, etc., is discussed for the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate (AP). This study underscores the experimental effectiveness of these catalysts in the decomposition process of solid propellants which enhances fast decomposition through decreasing their exothermic peak temperature. Such kind of improvements in propellant oxidizer and binder fuel help to increase the efficiency of rocket missiles.
This short review includes the discussion on thermolysis of propellant oxidizers and their composite solid propellants from the few prime lists of literature. This aims to understand the behavior of nanomaterials as a catalyst for the thermal decomposition of propellant oxidizer ammonium perchlorate. Ammonium perchlorate has a polyhedron-like shape that undergoes decomposition upon heating from room temperature to ~420 ℃ with gaseous by-products. In the presence of catalyst, the decomposition occurred at a lower temperature than the pure ammonium perchlorate. Thus, it can be used in the formulation of propulsion systems that mainly improve their burn rate ultimately helpful in rocketry.
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