The importance of strategic planning and management as increased significantly in recent times. It is a means of enhancing organizational competitive advantage. In a swiftly changing competitive environment, human resources are one important source of competitive lead for an organization. However, linking to strategic planning and management, human resource management should be strategic that guarantees positive firm performance outcome. It has become even more necessary in the financial sector, especially for the banking and financial institutions, because of the integration of global financial systems and the resultant increase in competitiveness. Nepal has an established banking system with main challenge to strategic management of human resources and directly implicating to survival of the banks depend on its performance. In this view this study aims at exploring strategic human resource management practices and examining the impact of strategic human resource management practices on organizational performance of commercial banks in Nepal. This study uses a quantitative approach towards descriptive and explanatory casual research design with 6 numbers of banks and 507 numbers of employee as sample. It was found that strategic human resource management practices are a vital element in consideration of increasing the financial performance, business performance, organizational effectiveness, employee job performance, and benchmarked performance achievement.
Quality financial reporting plays an important role in government accountability and meeting its financial management responsibilities to its citizens. The implementation of IPSAS was an integral part of public sector reforms and based on a global trend to respond to requests for increased financial accountability and transparency from government which reflect significant democratic values.This research focused on issues and benefits of implementing IPSAS on the consistency of financial reports by evaluating theoretical and past empirical studies in meeting the requirements for utility of decision. The IPSAS adoption review showed that international best practices were presented to government agencies, international intergovernmental organizations and international organisations. It stressed the advantages of good governance, accountability and transparency. Further analysis highlights Nigeria's problems during the time focusing on openness, accountability, comparability, and management and decision-making processes. The study concluded that Nigeria's IPSAS adoption driving forces were to align its operations with the financial year, meet the requirements of partners, attract donors and be competitively comparable with other international organizations.
In insurance sector attracting and maintaining customer is too much difficult. Now a day’s flow of information is too much, so it will hard to get customer loyalty. Peoples are more informed and knowledgeable. The marketing department of insurance sector pay strong focus in attaining customer loyalty. This research is carried out to explore the relation of sales agent characteristics, relational selling behavior and relationship quality with customer loyalty. From the population cluster sampling method was used to select the sample. Total 500 questionnaire was sent to selected sample. The questionnaires were evaluated on SPSS and SmartPLS3. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to estimate discriminant validity, convergent validity and reliability. The reliability coefficient of sales agent characteristics was (0.869), relationship quality was (0.884), relational selling behavior was (0.860) and customer loyalty was (0,881).
This exploratory descriptive research empirically investigated the impact of compliance with board responsibilities on the profitability of MSEs in Ghana. It is anchored on agency and steward theoretical frameworks. 1010 respondents participated in the study and questionnaire was used to collect data. This parametric-quantitative research revealed that: Ghanaian MSEs’ aggregate compliance to board's responsibilities is circa 43%; Compliance to board of directors’ responsibility has circa 31% significant positive association with medium scale enterprises’ profitability at 99% confidence level; and compliance to board of directors’ responsibilities among MSEs in Ghana has 34% statistical significant positive effect on their profitability after controlling for the role of managerial qualifications. The major limitation of this study is that it lacks comparative empirical analysis; as such, the generalization of its findings is very much limited to Ghanaian MSEs only. Therefore, it would not be out of place for a similar study to be carried out in other countries (for example, the English-speaking countries of West Africa). It would also be necessary if profitability figures from audited annual reports of MSEs are incorporated in future study as this research did not incorporate them.
Extensive and rapid advances in technology have had a variety of effects on various areas of human society, including ways of doing work and job duties. Teleworking is a new way of doing things that has various benefits at the personal and organizational level. In this paper, we examined the theoretical and practical perspectives of teleworking. We have studied the advantages and disadvantages of telecommuting, especially in developed countries where the administrative system is continuously improved, in statistical reports. These reports show that despite, the necessary infrastructure, teleworking has not been sufficiently used. There was also a survey conducted by a government agency to surveying employees about whether they were willing to work. A comprehensive definition of teleworking is a choice of how to do work, which allows employees to do all or part of their work outside the work environment, meaning that people can communicate from their home, from a remote communication center, and do their homework near home or at work .