Banking industry contribution to the Nigerian GDP leaves much to be desired due to questionable productivity of factor input among other inherent factors. The study seeks to traverse the current state of factor productivity in Nigerian Banking industry While adopting Cobb- Douglas production function as framework, the study further employ the unit root to ascertain the nature of the time series in terms of stationarity, Co-integration among variables was conducted using Johansen co-integration test. Ordinary Least Square and Error Correction Model was employed to establish the short and long run relationship between the dependent variable and the independent variables of the models. The causal relationship among the variables was determined using ganger causality test. The model was appropriately diagnosed and Test of statistical adequacy adequately conducted. The result shown that the Banking Industry is characterized by Decreasing return to scale with capital having a significant effect on commercial bank output while Number of labour input has negligible effect on commercial output in the short run and insignificant effect in the long-run. The Total Factor Productivity in the Short-run is less than it long run. the marginal rate of technical substitution of capital for labour MRTSk,l is -1.11268. Hence, unless labour input productivity is boosted, it might most likely go gradually into extinction in the long-run in the financial institution with its possible substitution with modern and evolving capitals like Robotics hence recommends two alternative options to commercial bank, either to boost labour Productivity rather than increasing it’s number or boost output by trading-off labour input for capital input.
The objective of the research was to analyze sustainability and social development, in the search to determine the relationship between the constructs: Ecological Affect (EA), Ecological Concern (EC) and Ecological Knowledge (EK); And green purchasing behavior (GPB) in consumers (as a single field of application, not to be analyzed for companies, public persons, places or brands). It was a quantitative descriptive study in a sample of 1,550 (valid 96.3%) consumers chosen according to the criterion of convenience (men and women between 21 and 55 years), made in the first half of 2015 in the States of Puebla, Tlaxcala, Guanajuato, San Luis Potosí, Tabasco and Querétaro, the most important states of Mexico. With the personal application of questionnaires using the Likert scale, from 1 to 5. Regarding the measurement of dependent and independent variables, he used the various subscales that make up the revised scale of attitudes and environmental knowledge (EAKS) by Maloney et al. . In conclusion, the relationship between sustainability and social development, in the search to determine the relationship between the constructs: Ecological Affection (EA), Ecological Concern (EC) and Ecological Knowledge (EK); And the behavior of purchases of sustainable green-organic products (green purchasing behavior GPB), it has been identified that the intensity of the association between these scales of behavior, that the purchase or choice of a product of this type goes beyond the quality and price. The consumer in Mexico presents a positive attitude toward the purchase of organic products and is even willing to stop buying those companies that pollute. The mexican consumer is a Prosumer , who hopes to participate in the design and production of products that incorporate environmental factors, as an additional factor to those traditionally contemplated.
The current study aimed to identify the organizational commitment and job satisfaction of the faculty members working at community colleges affiliated with the Applied Balqa’ University on the administrative, financial, and academic level. It also aimed to identify the relationship between their job satisfaction and organizational commitment. The current study’s population consisted of all the faculty members working at the community colleges that are affiliated with the Applied Balqa’ University on the administrative, financial, and academic level. As for the sample of the current study, it includes one hundred (100) faculty members working at those community colleges. The researcher of the current study assessed the validity and reliability of the survey. It was concluded that the faculty members working at those community colleges showed moderate degrees of satisfaction about the teaching environment, climate material and moral incentives they receive. It was concluded that those faculty members showed a high levels of organizational commitment. The researchers of the current study suggested several recommendations. For instance, it was recommended exerting more efforts to improve the overall learning environment of the community colleges. Such improvements should involve the infrastructure and services that are necessary for faculty members. For instance, such improvements shall raise the job satisfaction of those faculty members. The current study recommended improving the tools provided for them and the materials and moral incentives they receive. That is because all of that shall raise their job satisfaction levels.
The study examined the relationship between entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial intention among final year students in the universities in Edo state. Three hundred and nine (309) final year students of the universities were sampled using multi stage sampling technique. Data were obtained from 254 respondents. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and multiple regressions. The study revealed positive and significant relationship between content and process of entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial intention; the relationship between context and entrepreneurial intention was not significant. Federal and state governments should inject more funds to entrepreneurship education and structure the program towards problem-solving, creativity and practicability. Students should be exposed to experienced entrepreneurs; lecturers should be committed to the subject, accessible and willing to transform the attitude of the students toward self employment.
This research work deals with practical application of quality control techniques to production line of Saj Food Nigeria Limited Zaria-Kaduna and examines whether the different products produced are within company control limits and specifications in term of packaging and bottling processes. The statistical tools employed are control charts for variable which include the mean and range control charts. The results obtained clearly shows that most of the products (23cl, 16cl old site, 16cl new site, 33cl bottle, 33cl flavour and 33cl drinks) with regards to packaging and bottling processes are within the control limits and conformed to specifications. However, the company need an adjustment in two of her product, namely VIP (50cl) and ordinary plate (40cl). Therefore, we strongly advise the company to embrace the application of quality control towards maintaining the standard of their production processes.