The current study modelled urbanisation-ecological degradation nexus for Ghana with control variables such as ruralisation, income, the openness of trade, and the consumption of energy from 1971 to 2014, using yearly data obtained from World Development Indicator in a time series modelling. The estimation method is based on the Autoregressive Distributed Lag Model (ARDL) and the Granger causality test. The research findings revealed significant cointegration association in the model estimated as well as a stable long period and short period association among the dependent and the independent variables. The granger predictability test results for the causality direction support the feedback preposition. Since the conservation hypothesis is not supported, urbanisation, ruralisation, income, trade openness, and energy consumption are not policy tools in dealing with ecological degradation for the study period.
This research investigate the role of Economic and financial crimes commission in the fight against corruption in Educational Sector in Nigeria especially Ankpa L.G.A. The study used 800 targeted populations and later used Yaro Yamane’s formular to determine the sample size for the study which resulted to 700. The research design employed is survey research design. Percentage, frequency and chi - square were used to analyze data. The findings reveal that system disorder, lacks of societal cooperative and influential Nigerians influence all affects the EFCC in the fight against corruption in Education sector in Ankpa L. G. A. The study boldly recommended that the Nigeria Government should give a free hand to the commission in the fight against corruption; societal cooperation, support, and systematic orders should be encourage, and the Commission should ensure that they fight the corruption within the ambit of the law in Nigeria to avoid the abuse of power, free from corruption and nepotism in carrying out their functions in fighting corruption in the Nigeria educational sector.
This article discusses the effectiveness of Human Resource Information Systems (HRIS) in improving employee performance at Stanbic Bank Uganda. The study on which it is based set out to; examine the employee performance evaluation processes supported by HRIS in Stanbic Bank Uganda, identify the challenges experienced and suggest strategies to enhance the employee performance evaluation processes using HRIS at Stanbic Bank, Uganda. The sample comprised 25 informants from various functions at the Bank’s Head Office: 9 general managers, 9 line managers, and 7 officers, selected through judgemental sampling. Primary data was collected from the respondents directly using a structured open-ended interview guide. This data was coded, processed and analysed using ATLAS.ti Qualitative data analysis software, which generated themes in line with the study objectives. The study has revealed that the use of HRIS at Stanbic Bank Uganda is characterised by several challenges that have limited its efficiency in supporting employee performance evaluation. This article makes proposals the embrace of which will enable Stanbic Bank Uganda to enjoy enhanced creativity and productivity of its employees and reduced operational costs. As such, the bank might generate sustainable competitive advantage over its competitors, and achieve its annual goals.
The economy is often described as a volatile concept. Many factors are in play that drive either the market up or down. For most people, when the economy goes up, everyone is satisfied. When the economy is down, people are miserable. When the economy is down, this trickles down to ordinary people, causing them to lose their jobs, homes, and other financial assets. Therefore, economists and other social scientists have always wondered what correct approach to is solving economic depression.
There are two major schools of thought in which method is most appropriate in solving economic downfall. One of them implies heavy state intervention, often in the form of financial packages and federal programs to boost individual and corporation welfare. The other group believes that no state intervention is needed and that the market will eventually correct itself through the actions of big companies. Throughout history, both concepts were used by different governmental organizations throughout the world. By researching which method worked best in which scenario in history is the focus of this paper. Determining the proper method to any economic problem can help determine the solution to the current economic trouble the world has.
By contrasting the two methods used in history, economists can realize that only a concoction of the two methods, state-sponsored market and lassiez-faire market, is the key to keeping a working economy. Through some state-sponsored programs, individuals and corporations can fall back safely during a dangerous recession. Some laissez-faire policies would also allow for more economic growth through either a recession or boom. The combination of the two methods can help the economy maintain and grow itself, even during these hard times.
This study attempted to explore and compare whether financial leverage and profitability have increased and the value relevance of lease accounting has improved since IFRS 16 implementation. The study uses pre- and post-IFRS 16 implementation data to examine its impacts on 18 publicly traded Taiwanese companies in the transportation industry. To determine increases in the financial leverage and profitability of individual companies post-IFRS 16 implementation, a nonparametric Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used. To determine improvement in the value relevance of lease accounting after IFRS 16 implementation, the test model was established based on the residual income model. All variable data were collected from the quarterly financial reports of the 18 transportation companies in the sample published between pre-IFRS 16 (Q1/2017 - Q4/2018) and post- IFRS 16 periods (Q1/2019 - Q2/2020). The findings indicate that both average debt-to- asset and debt-to-equity ratios were significantly higher in the study sample during the post-IFRS 16 period compared to the pre-IFRS 16 period, but profitability did not increase significantly. In terms of value relevance, the study findings show that post-IFRS 16 implementation offers higher incremental explanatory power for changes in share price compared to pre-IFRS 16 implementation—in other words, IFRS 16 provides more useful information for investment decisions.