Main Article Content
This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of intestinal schistosomiasis in the study population. The study was conducted in five selected primary schools in Kumo, Akko Local Government Area of Gombe State, Northeastern Nigeria between September and November 2019. A total of 250 specimens were collected and investigated for the presence of Schistosoma species using a standard medical atlas for the identification of the parasites. The specimens were analyzed microscopically. Out of the 250 samples examined, 26 (10.4%) were positive for S. mansoni. The prevalence was high in males accounting for 19 (73.1%) than in females 7 (26.9%). The prevalence was also high among the age group 10 – 12years 16 (61.5%) but there was no infection in the age group 1 – 6 0(0%). There is a significant difference between the primary schools, gender and ages of the pupils. However, there was no difference in their source of water. High infection was observed in those who use river and well water 10 (38.5%) and was low in those that use borehole water. These findings indicate the need for public awareness on the disease, routine chemotheraphy and implementation of vector control strategies, so as to avoid accelerated morbidity and inprove the health of people in the study area.
Vos T, Flaxman AD, Naghavi M, et al. Years lived with disability (YLDs) for 1160 sequelae of 289 diseases and injuries 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet. 2012;380:2163–96.
Daniel G, Colley, Amaya L, Bustinduy, Evan W. Secor, Charles H. King. Human Schistosomiasis. Lancet. 2014;383: 2253-64.
Anosike JC, Njoku AJ, Nwoke BEB, Ajero CMU, Osagiede UR, Okoro OU, Nwosu DC. Epidemiology of urinary schistosomiasis in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Int. J. Environ. Hlth. Hum. Develop. 2002;3(1):1-9.
Okwori AE, Sidi M, Ngwai YB, Obiekeze IO, Adiku TI. Prevalence of Schistosomiasis among primary school children in Gadabukke District, Toto LGA, Northcentral Nigeria. British Microbiology Research Journal. 2014; 4(3):255-261.
Arora DR, Arora BB. Medical Parasitology 3rd edition CBS Publishers. 2010;152-162.
Tamomh AG, Yousfi SR, Abakar AD, Nour BYM. Prevalence of intestinal schistosomiasis among basic school children in White Nile Sugar Scheme a New Irrigated Project, White Nile State, Sudan. Biology and Medicine 2018; 10:425.
World Health Organization. Schistosomiasis: progress report 2001–2011, strategic plan 2012–2020. Geneva. WHO; 2013. Available:http://www.who.int/neglected_diseases/resources/9789241503174/en/.
Schistosomiasis: WHO reports substantial treatment progress for school age children; 2016. Available:http://www.who.int/neglected_diseases/news/WHO_schistosomiasis_reports_substantial_treatment_progress_sac/en/. Accessed July 30, 2019
Hotez PJ, Savioli L, Fenwick A. Neglected tropical diseases of the Middle East and North Africa: Review of their prevalence, distribution and opportunities of control. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 2012;6: e1475.
Nigeria. Federal Ministry of Health. Nigeria master plan for neglected tropical disease (NTDs) 2013–2017; 2013. Available:http://docplayer.net/2404435-Nigeria-master-plan-for-neglected-tropical-diseases-ntds-2013-2017.html
Maru DS. Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections and associated risk factors among school children in Adigrat town, Northern Ethiopia. International Journal Emerging Trends Science and Technology. 2015;4(1): 4943–8.
Dawaki S, Al-Mekhlafi HM, Ithoi I, Ibrahim J, Abdulsalam AM, Ahmed A, et al. The menace of schistosomiasis in Nigeria: Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding schistosomiasis among rural communities in Kano State. Plos One. 2015;10:e0143667.
Dawaki S, Al-Mekhlafi HM, Ithoi I, Ibrahim J, Abdulsalam AM, Ahmed A, Sady H, Atroosh WM, Al-Areeqi MA, Elyana FN, Nasr NA, Surin J. Prevalence and risk factors of schistosomiasis among Hausa communities in Kano State, Nigeria. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 2016;58:54.
Nale Y, Galadima M, Yakubu SE. Index of potential contamination for urinary schistosomiasis in Zaria, Nigeria. Nigerian Journa lof Parasitology. 2003;24:95-101.
Okoli EI, Odaibo AB. Urinary schistosomiasis among schoolchildren in Ibadan, an urban community in south-western Nigeria. Tropical Medicine and International Health. 1999;4:308-15.
Bassey SE, Umar Z. A re-assessment of schistosomiasis infection in Garun-Babba, Kadawa and Kura in Kano State, Nigeria. Nigeria Journal of Parasitology. 2004;25:107-9.
King CH, Dangerfield-Cha M. The unacknowledged impact of chronic schistosomiasis. Chronic Illness. 2008;4:65-79.
Okpala HO, Agwu E, Agba MI, Chimezie OR, Nwobu GO, Ohihoin AA. A survey of the prevalence of Schistosomiasis among pupils in Apata and Laranto areas in Jos, Plateau State. Online Journal of HealthAllied Sciences. 2004; 3(1):1.
WHO, Schistosomiasis control division of control of the tropical disease.1998; (WHO fact sheet No 115).
Khalid EH. The prevalence of Schistosomiasis among primary school children in Barakat area, Gezira State, Sudan. Master degree in public &environmental health, University of Khartoum, Sudan. 2006;1-60.