Main Article Content
Plant growth is affected by genetic, climatic and edaphic factors among others. Soil pollution may adversely affect biota by limiting growth and survival of plants. The research was carried out to investigate the potential effect of crude oil pollution of soil on the growth of two cultivars of Musa paradisiaca. Crude oil was added to agricultural soil on which plantain suckers were planted. Growth was then periodically assessed in terms of height, stem girth and total leaf area. Plant height was significantly reduced in the two cultivars grown on polluted soil in comparison with controls grown on unpolluted soil. There was also an insignificant decrease in stem girth in plants grown on polluted soil. Total leaf area increased for French plantain planted on crude oil contaminated soil more than control. For False Horn plantain however, the control had greater leaf area than those on polluted soil. The rates of increase in height, stem girth and leaf area were not uniform with time for the two cultivars. French plantain survived the stress caused by soil pollution better than False Horn plantain, although, both plantain cultivars on polluted soil still grew appreciably in comparison with controls. They may therefore be useful in remediating soils polluted by crude oil spillage.
Labud V, Garcia C, Hernandez T. Effect of hydrocarbon pollution on the microbial properties of a sandy and a clay soil. Chemoshpere. 2007;66 (10):1863 - 1871.
Omosun G, Markson AA, Mbanasor O. Growth and anatomy of Amaranthus hybridus as affected by different crude oil concentrations. American-Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research. 2008;3:70 - 74.
Ogbo EM, Zibigha M, Odogu G. The effect of crude oil on the growth of the weed (Paspalum scrobiculatum L.) - phytoremediation potential of the plant. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 2009;3(9):229 - 233.
Ekundayo EO, Emede TO, Osayande DI. Effect of crude oil spillage on growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.) in soil of Midwestern Nigeria. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 2001;56:313 - 324.
Appah CF, Okujagu DC, Bassay SE. Effect of crude oil spill in germination and growth of Hibiscus esculentus (Okra) in Bayelsa State Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. International Journal of Engineering and Science. 2014; 3(6):30 - 40.
Skrypnik L, Maslennikov P, Novikova A, Kozhikin M. Effect of Crude Oil on Growth, Oxidative Stress and Response of Antioxidative System of Two Rye (Secale cereale L.) Varieties. Plants. 2021;10(1):157.
Agbogidi OM, Eruotor PG, Akparobi SO. Effects of crude oil levels on the growth of maize (Zea mays L.). American Journal of Food Technology. 2007;2:529 - 535.
Kekere O, Ikhajiagbe B, Apela BR. Effects of crude petroleum oil on the germination, growth and yield of Vigna unguiculata Walp L. Journal of Agriculture and Biological Science. 2011;2(6):158 - 165.
Ismail HY, Farouq AA, Rabah A,Muhammed AB, Aliyu RU. Effect of Soil Contamination with Crude Petroleum on Cowpea:An Insight into the Prospects of Crop Production in Nigerian Frontier Basins. Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Studies. 2021;2(2):50 - 62.
Olaranont Y, Stewart AB, Traiperm P. Effects of crude oil on plant growth and leaf anatomical structures in a common coastal plant. International Journal of Phytoremediation. 2021;23(2):162 - 170.
Adieze IE, Orji JC, Nwabueze RN, Onyeze GOC. Hydrocarbon stress response of four tropical plants in weathered crude oil contaminated soil in microcosms. International Journal of Environmental Studies. 2012;69(3): 490 - 500.
Klokk T. Effect of oil pollution on the germination and vegetative growth of five species of vascular plants. Oil and Petrochemical Pollution. 1984;2(1):25 - 30.
Udo EJ, Fayemi AA. The effect of oil pollution on germination, growth and nutrient uptake of corn. Journal of Environmental Quality. 1975;4:537 - 540.
Vwioko DE, Fashemi DS. Growth response of Ricinus communis L. (Castor Oil) in spent lubricating oil-polluted soil. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management. 2005;9:73 - 79.
Bento RA, Saggin-Júnior OJ, Pitard RM, Straliotto R, Ribeiro da Silva EM, Tavares SR, Gerken de Landa FHT, Martins LF, Volpon AGT. Selection of leguminous trees associated with symbiont microorganisms for phytoremediation of petroleum-contaminated soil. Water Air Soil Pollution 2012;223:5659– 5671.
Tang KHD, Angela J. Phytoremediation of crude oil-contaminated soil with local plant species. IOP Conference Series. Materials Science and Engineering 2018;495.
Nwaichi EO, Chukwuere CO, Abosi PJ, Onukwuru GI. Phytoremediation of crude oil impacted soil using purple nutsedge. Journal of Applied Science and Environmental Management. 2021;25(3):475–479.
Alanbary S, Abdullah SRS, Hassan HA. Screening for resistant and tolerable plants (Ludwigia octovalvis and Phragmites karka) in crude oil sludge for phytoremediation of hydrocarbon. Iranian Journal of Energy and Environment. 2017;8(3):288–291.
Baran S, Bielinska EJ, Wojeikowska-kapusta J. The formation of enzymatic activity of soil contaminated by petroleum products. Acta Agrophiscica. 2002;70:9-19.
Asuquo FE, Ibanga IJ, Idungafa N. Effects of Que Iboe (Nigerian) crude oil on germination and growth of okra (Abelmoschus essculentus L.) and fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis L.) in the tropics. Journal of Environmental Pollution and Health. 2002;1:33-40.
Egharevba RK, Osunde DO. The effect of crude oil on seedling growth of two forest fruit trees: Chrysophyllum albidum (Gambaya albida) and Dacryodes edulis G. Don. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture. 2001;18 (2-3):25 - 35.
Han T, Zhao Z, Bartlam M, Wang Y. Combination of biochar amendment and phytoremediation for hydrocarbon removal in petroleum-contaminated soil. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2016;23:21219 – 21228.
Merckl N, Schutze-Kraft R, Infante C. Phytoremediation in the tropics- The effect of crude oil on the growth of tropical plants. Biomedical Journal. 2004;8(3-4):177 - 184.
Wilkins MB. Advanced plant physiology. Pitman Publishing Ltd., London; 1985.
Bamidele JF, Agbogidi OM. Toxicity of odidi petroleum oil and its water soluble fraction on three aquatic macrophytes. Nigerian Journal of Science and Environment. 2000;2:113-121.
Osuagwu AN, Okigbo AU, Ekpo AA, Chukwurah PN, Agbor RB. Effect of crude oil pollution on growth parameters, chlorophyll content and bulbils yield in air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera L.). International Journal of Applied Science and Technology. 2013;3(4):37 - 42.
Odjegba VJ, Sadiq AO. Effects of spent engine oil on the growth parameters, chlorophyll and protein levels of Amaranthus hybridus L. The Environmentalist. 2002;22:23 - 28.
Lopes A, Piedade MTF. Establishment of Echinochloa polystachya (HBK) Hitchcock in varzea soil contaminated with Urucu’s petroleum. Acta Amazonica. 2009;39(3):583- 590.
Amadi A, Abbey SD, Nma A. Chronic effects of oil spill on soil properties and microflora of a rain forest ecosystem in Nigeria. Water, Air and Soil Pollution. 1996;86:1 - 11.
Athar HuR, Ambreen S, Javed M, Hina M, Rasul S, Zafar ZU, Manzoor H, Ogbaga CC, Afzal M, Al-Qurainy F, Ashraf M. Influence of sub-lethal crude oil concentration on growth, water relations and photosynthetic capacity of maize (Zea mays L.) plants. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2016; 23:18320–18331.
Baker JM. The effect of oil on plant physiology. In: The ecological effect of oil pollution on Littoral communities. E.B. Cowell, (Ed). Applied Science Publishers, London. 1970;88-98.