MINERAL PROFILING OF RESISTANCE AND SUSCEPTIBILITY IN CHILLI PEPPER (Capsicum annum L.) AGAINST FUSARIUM WILT DISEASE

Main Article Content

SABA SAEED
SHAHBAZ TALIB SAHI
MUHAMMAD ATIQ
MUHAMMAD SHAHID
MUHAMMAD ARSHAD

Abstract

Fusarium wilt is one of potential threat to the successful production of chill. Present study was conducted to observe alterations in the biochemical profiling of chilli leaves after attack of fusarium wilt. For this purpose seedlings of three resistant (Fengaio, Glaxy-2 and BPVLC14-1) and three susceptible varieties (Amber F1, Tejal and BSS-410) were grown in pots under Randomized Complete block Design. Both types of varieties were divided into two groups (inoculated and un-inoculated). Samples were collected from resistant and susceptible type of varieties from both groups (inoculated and un-inoculated) and were subjected to analysis to observe alterations in the mineral profiling by using Nested structured analysis.in response to Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. capsici.  Resistant group showed 45.05% Phosphorus, 2.57 ppm, Potassium, 0.49 ppm Magnesium, 1.48 ppm Calcium (Ca), 0.29 ppm Zinc (Zn), 0.70 ppm Sodium  (Na), 2.90 ppm Iron (Fe) and 0.048 ppm Copper  while susceptible group showed 38.89, 2.30, 0.43, 1.35, 0.27, 0.56, 2.33 and 0.04 ppm of P, K, Mg, Ca, Zn, Na, Fe and Cu. This experiment showed that resistant varieties expresswd higher mineral contents as compared to susceptible group. Similarly the mineral profile (P, Ca, K, Mg, Zn, Na, Cu and Fe) was greater in un-inoculated lines/varieties (58.58, 2.86, 0.56, 1.63, 0.31, 0.86, 3.71 and 0.056) as compared to inoculated varieties (25.35, 2.01, 0.35, 1.20, 0.25, 0.41, 1.51 and 0.039). These finding are helpful for researchers and scientists not only to develop a strong management strategy toward Fusarium wilt but also supportive to develop biochemical markers to identify source of resistance against Fusarium wilt of chilli.

Keywords:
Alterations, Capsicum annum, plant pathogen interaction, nested design, antimicrobial

Article Details

How to Cite
SAEED, S., SAHI, S. T., ATIQ, M., SHAHID, M., & ARSHAD, M. (2022). MINERAL PROFILING OF RESISTANCE AND SUSCEPTIBILITY IN CHILLI PEPPER (Capsicum annum L.) AGAINST FUSARIUM WILT DISEASE. PLANT CELL BIOTECHNOLOGY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, 23(17-18), 13-23. Retrieved from https://ikppress.org/index.php/PCBMB/article/view/7647
Section
Original Research Article

References

Khalid S, Iftikhar S, Munir A, Ahmad I. Potato diseases in Pakistan. PARC. Islamabad. 2000;165.

Khan SM, Raj SK, Bano T, Garg VK. Incidence and management of mosaic and leaf curl diseases in cultivars of chilli (Capsicum annuum). Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment. 2006; 4(1):171.

Marinova D, Ribarova F, Atanassova M. Total phenolics and total flavonoids in Bulgarian fruits and vegetables. Journal of Chemical Technology Metall. 2005;40:255-260

Navarro JM, Pilar F, Consuelo G, Vicente M. Changes in the contents of antioxidant compounds in pepper fruits at different ripening stages, as affected by salinity. Food chemistry. 2006;96:66-73.

Deepa N, Kaur C, George B, Singh B, Kapoor HC. Antioxidant constituents in some sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) genotypes during maturity. LWT-Food Science and Technology. 2007;40:121- 129.

Serrano-Martínez A, Fortea MI, Del Amor FM, Núñez-Delicado E. Kinetic characterisation and thermal inactivation study of partially purified red pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) peroxidase. Food Chemistry. 2008;107(1):193-199.

Hussain F, Abid M. Pest and diseases of chilli crop in Pakistan: A review. International Journal of Biology and Biotechnology. 2011;8(2):325-332.

Hami A, Rasool RS, Khan NA, Mansoor S, Mir MA, Ahmed N, Masoodi KZ. Morpho-molecular identification and first report of Fusarium equiseti in causing chilli wilt from Kashmir (Northern Himalayas). Scientific Reports. 2021;11(1): 1-14.

Agrios GN. Plant Pathology: fifth edition. Elsevier Academic Press, Burlington. 2005; 888.

Suryanto D, Patonah S, Munir E. Control of Fusarium wilt of chili with chitinolytic bacteria. HAYATI Journal of Biosciences. 2010;17(1):5-8.

Arshadi F, Sijam K, Awang YB. Genetic diversity of Xanthomonas axonopodis subsp. citri, causal agent of citrus canker. Journal of Plant Protection Research. 2013;53: 312-316.

Huber DM, Haneklaus S. Managing nutrition to control plant disease. Landbauforschung Volkenrode. 2007;57(4):313.

Naik BS, Shashikala J, Krishnamurthy YL. Diversity of fungal endophytes in shrubby medicinal plants of Malnad region, Western Ghats, Southern India. Fungal Ecology. 2008;1:89–93.

Raghupathi HB, Bhargava BS. Leaf and soil nutrient diagnostic norms for pomegranate (Punica granatum L). Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 1998; 46(3):412-416.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Statistical procedures for agricultural research. John wiley & sons. 1994.

Martínez-Ballesta MC, Dominguez-Perles R, Moreno DA, Muries B, Alcaraz-López C, Bastías E, Carvajal MJAFSD. Minerals in plant food: effect of agricultural practices and role in human health. A review. Agronomy for sustainable development. 2010; 30(2): 295-309.

Vandermeer J, Perfecto I, Philpott S. Ecological complexity and pest control in organic coffee production: uncovering an autonomous ecosystem service. Bio Science. 2010;60:527-537.

Bhaduri D, Rakshit R, Chakraborty K. Primary and secondary nutrients-a boon to defense system against plant diseases. International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management. 2014;5: 461-466.

Mitran T, Meena RS, Lal R, Layek J, Kumar S, Datta R. Role of soil phosphorus on legume production. In Legumes for Soil health and Sustainable Management. 2018; 487-510.

Hameed A, Atiq M, Javed N, Ahmad A, Ahmed Z. Progressive alterations in mineral profiling of citrus infected with canker caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri (HASSE). Applied Ecology and Environmental Research. 2019;17(6), 13625-13642.

Xu X, Du X, Wang F, Sha J, Chen Q, Tian G, Jiang Y. Effects of potassium levels on plant growth, accumulation and distribution of carbon, and nitrate metabolism in apple dwarf rootstock seedlings. Frontiers in Plant Science. 2020;11: 904.

Hasanuzzaman M, Bhuyan MHM, Nahar K, Hossain M, Mahmud JA, Hossen M, Fujita M. Potassium: A vital regulator of plant responses and tolerance to abiotic stresses. Agronomy. 2018;8(3): 31.

Dordas C. Role of nutrients in controlling plant diseases in sustainable agriculture. A review. – Agronomy for Sustainable Development. 2008;28:33-46.

Olanya O, El-Bedewy R, Ojiambo P, Ewell P, Hakiza J. Relationships of Fungicide Application to Late Blight Development and Potato Growth Parameters in the Tropical Highlands of Uganda and Kenya. International Potato Center 1990-2000, Lima, Peru; 2001.

Spann TM, Schumann AW. Mineral Nutrition Contributes to Plant Disease and Pest Resistance. University of Florida, IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL. 2010.

Jadon K, Shah R. Effect of Drechslera bicolor infection on physiology of bell pepper. – Journal of Plant Pathology & Microbiology. 2012;3: 126.

Rice RW. The Physiological Role of Minerals in the Plant. – In: Datnoff, L. E. et al. (eds.) Mineral Nutrition and Plant Disease. American Phytopathological Society Press, St. Paul. 2007; 9-29.

Shi S, Li S, Asim M, Mao J, Xu D, Ullah Z, Liu G, Wang Q, Liu H. The Arabidopsis calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) and their roles in plant growth regulation and abiotic stress responses. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018;19(7):1900.

Metwally AM, Radi AA, El-Shazoly RM, Hamada AM. The role of calcium, silicon and salicylic acid treatment in protection of canola plants against boron toxicity stress. Journal of Plant Research. 2018; 131(6): 1015-1028.

Amusa N, Ashaye O, Oladapo M, Oni M. Guava fruit anthracnose and the effects on its nutritional and market values in Ibadan, Nigeria. World Journal Agricultural Sciences. 2005; 1: 169-172.

Senoura T, Sakashita E, Kobayashi T, Takahashi M, Aung MS, Masuda H, Nakanishi H, Nishizawa NK. The iron-chelate transporter OsYSL9 plays a role in iron distribution in developing rice grains. Plant Molecular Biology. 2017; 95(4):375-387.

Puig S, Ramos-Alonso L, Romero AM, Martínez-Pastor MT. The elemental role of iron in DNA synthesis and repair. Metallomics. 2017;9(11):1483-1500.

Kieu NP, Aznar A, Segond D, Rigault M, Simond-cote TH, Kunz C, Soulie C, Expert D, Dellagi A. Iron deficiency affects plant defence responses and confers resistance to Dickeya dadantii and Botrytis cineria. Molecular Plant Pathology. 2012; 13(8): 816-827.